The Kotychi-Strofylia area lies in Western Peloponnesus and extends to approximately 13.000 ha. The National Park covers an area of approximately 6.000 ha and it has been evaluated as important for the conservation of nature and biodiversity as its ecosystem is one of the rarest worldwide and it comprises of dunes, wetlands and forest.
The national park includes three Sites of Community Importance of the EU Network NATURA 2000 when on the same time the lagoons are RAMSAR wetlands and Specially Protected Area for Birds.
The area combines many vital natural resources when on the same time it is very vulnerable, especially to forest fires, due to the combination of various factors that coexist and that they either derive from natural causes or human activities.
Problems related to climate change:
The increased risk of fires due to the reduced rainfalls during summer, the prolonged dry periods and the higher temperatures/heatwaves.
• The large concentration of Biomass (bushes, old wood/trees residues) that enhance the risk of forest fires as they turn into combustible materials with the help of high temperatures and dry periods that occur in the area and result in its increased aridity
• The Enhanced fire risk due to the forest regeneration based on easily burning trees” (pinus halepensis, etc) in the place of the high value protected pinus pinea.
• The Lack of natural regeneration since 1954 (there has been a limitation of the Umbrella Pine habitat due to the intrusion of Aleppo Pine Pinus halepensis)
• The deterioration of thickets due to Desiccation of trees
• The problem of Reduced precipitations that result in the reduction of the water resources due to enhanced evaporation
All these hazards strongly affect both the ecological integrity of the region (Umbrella Pine forest, wetland, protected bird and reptile population, coastal area etc) as well as the existing economic activities that are present in and around the Strofylia-Kotychi protected area (agriculture, tourist infrastructures, cattle-breeding etc).
More information on Strofylia
Presentation about the Strofylia pilot